Shri Datta Swami

Jnana Saraswati – Parabrahma Sutras



109. Human Incarnation is most relevant to humans

श्रुततनुमत्स्यादिरुक्तो मानुष्याधिकगीतं परं नः।१०९।
śrutatanumatsyādirukto mānuṣyādhikagītaṁ paraṁ naḥ|109|

The Vedic word 'tanu' indicates incarnations like Fish etc. and this is explained previously. In the Gita, the additional adjective 'human' is mentioned and this human form of God is important for humanity.


In the Gita, an additional adjective ‘human’ is used before the word ‘body’. The Gita says that God enters the human body. In the Veda, only the word ‘body’ is mentioned. However, the body cannot be an inert item, since this word is used only in the case of living beings. According to the Veda, you may say that God enters any living body as in the case of Fish (Matsyaavatara) and other incarnations. But regarding this point, we have already given enough explanation in the preceding sutras. We can treat even the entry of God’s power into the Fish etc. as an Incarnation in a loose sense[1]. The main purpose of the human body is to preach spiritual knowledge and give guidance to humanity and therefore, the Human Incarnation is most important for humanity.


In the Veda only the word ‘body’ is mentioned.  So it could also mean that God can enter an inert body rather than a living body?

The Gita is the essence of the Vedas. In the Gita, it is stated “Manushim tanumashritam”, which means that He comes in a human body. Even in the Veda, it is told that if you love God, God will come through a body, and He will reveal His body. If He comes in an inert body can there be any expression of love, through an inert body? The whole Vedic mantra which states this means the following: “If some body loves Him too much then He comes and He reveals Himself through a body”. Loving, receiving love and again showing love or expression of love; all these cannot be through an inert body. An inert body cannot express the response to love. So taking the Gita also into account “Manushim tanumashritam”, which clearly indicates a human body, an inert body is completely ruled out. In another Upanishad (Veda) it is also told that He does not live in a statue (inert body).

[1] Stricltly speaking, the so-called Incarnations of God in living beings such as the Fish and the Tortoise are not Incarnations since not God but His power alone enetered into those bodies. They can still be regarded as Incarnations in a loose sense.

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