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Shri Datta Swami

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PROPAGANDA VERSUS PROPAGATION
Posted on: 02/12/2019

Shri Phani asked: We have prepared some banners and visiting cards to be used in the propagation of spiritual knowledge. Please advise us on how we can proceed.

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! When a political leader stands for election, there is a need for doing some propaganda of the candidate and his ideas everywhere in his constituency. Every citizen in the constituency who has a right to vote, is a target of his propaganda. But in our case, every citizen is not a target for the propagation of spiritual knowledge. Our spiritual knowledge is well-received only by some deserving devotees, who are scattered everywhere in the world. Hence, we cannot localize the promotion of the concepts, using banners and visiting cards. All the deserving receivers of our spiritual knowledge are not localized...

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SHRI SATYA SAI BABA BIRTHDAY MESSAGE
Posted on: 23/11/2019

Nobody opposes science because the fundamental concepts in science are based on practical experiments. Spiritual knowledge must also start at the basic level of the practical experience of miracles, which alone can convince atheists and scientists. Thus, the experience of miracles serves as the foundation of spiritual knowledge. The concept that God is unimaginable is stated in the Veda (Yato vāco, aprāpya manasā, Na medhayā, Naiṣā tarkeṇa etc.) and in the Gita (Māṃ tu veda na kaścana). So, no soul can ever know the true nature...

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AUTHORITIES FOR KNOWING GOD
Posted on: 21/11/2019

This mahā satsaṅga is meant for intellectuals who are familiar with logic.

Dr. Nikhil asked: Once, in a discussion on the use of logic in spirituality, You used the word ‘deduction’ to refer to direct knowledge obtained through perception. You also used the word ‘induction’ to refer to indirect knowledge obtained through inference. But, as per western philosophy, the meanings of the two terms are somewhat different. Deduction involves going from general rules or laws to specific conclusions...

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! Firstly, you must understand that perception exists even in inference. In fact, perception exists in all the six authorities (pramāṇas) of knowledge discussed in Indian philosophy. This includes even the authority called ‘non-recognition’ (anupalabdhi). For instance, the statement that no pot exists here, is based on the lack of perception of the pot. This shows that ‘non-recognition’ is based on perception...

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IS IT NOT NECESSARY TO CONDUCT FIRE-SACRIFICES FOR GETTING RAIN?
Posted on: 20/11/2019

It is told in the Gita that clouds are formed due to the fire-sacrifices performed (Yajñāt bhavati parjanya). So, is it not necessary to perform these fire-sacrifices for getting rains?

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! The word yajña comes from the root word ‘yaj’, which means worshipping God through practical sacrifice and prayers. This root word does not convey the sense of burning ghee in the physical fire, as is commonly done. In fact, such burning of ghee has been bitterly criticized by Kapila and Krishna. The only way to worship God is by worshipping the contemporary Human Incarnation. Worship includes practical sacrifice and service...

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IS THE CLIMAX OF DEVOTION ATTAINED IN A SINGLE LEAP OR STEP-BY-STEP?
Posted on: 20/11/2019

Is it possible to attain the climax of devotion in a gradual step-by-step manner or is it attained in one long jump like Śaṅkara, who attained it right from childhood?

Swami replied: Śaṅkara was a Human Incarnation of God Śiva, who had come down to earth at a critical time in the history of mankind when almost all souls had turned to atheism. He acted as a devotee to develop devotion in us. We cannot expect that we too will be able to make the sort of long jump of devotion that He made. We can only put forth effort to reach that climax of devotion, step-by-step. But we should reach the final step before this human life ends since there is no guarantee that we will be granted the next human life...

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HOW CAN WE DECREASE OUR EGO, WHICH SEEMS TO BE INCREASING DAY-BY-DAY?
Posted on: 20/11/2019

Swami replied: Devotion is inversely proportional to ego. Ego makes you aspire for having a following of your own devotees. Devotion makes you become a devotee of God. Several preachers have a big ego, but they are not consciousness of it and it leads to their downfall. The preacher should feel that he is a servant of God and that God is speaking through him. Every day, if you think about God as the overall Controller of this universe and if you feel that you are just a zero before God, your ego will vanish gradually. Ego is the first problem which prevents you from recognizing your contemporary Human Incarnation. Rāvaṇa could not recognize Rāma only due to his ego...

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HOW CAN AWARENESS BE AN ITEM OF THE IMAGINABLE CREATION?
Posted on: 19/11/2019

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! It is simple. If food is not given to the body for a long time, awareness disappears from that body. If awareness were eternal, it would not disappear from the body, even when no food is supplied to the body. The Veda also says that the awareness is born from food (Annāt puruṣaḥ). The word puruṣa means the awareness lying in the body (Puri dehe yat śete tat caitanyaṃ puruṣaḥ). As per science, when food is digested, inert energy is released. That energy enters the nervous system and gets converted...

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WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE CHILD KRISHNA PUTTING HIS FOOT INTO HIS MOUTH?
Posted on: 19/11/2019

Swami replied: The Veda says that the brāhmaṇa is born from the face and the śūdra is born from the foot of God. The act of Krishna putting His foot in His mouth shows that a born-śūdra can become a brāhmaṇa by his qualities and deeds. Krishna Himself has said in the Gita that caste is not determined by birth, but only by qualities and deeds (Guṇa karma vibhāgaśaḥ). With this action, Krishna demonstrated the concept preached by Him. With His hand...

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IN WHAT WAY DOES THE REAL HUMAN INCARNATION EXHIBIT HIS MIRACULOUS POWERS?
Posted on: 19/11/2019

Swami replied: Miracles attract atheists because they only believe in perception. The unimaginable miracles give the proof of the existence of their Source, which is the unimaginable God. Even though the unimaginable God is not perceived, He is, at least, inferred from the perceived miracles. Theists too are greatly attracted to miracles. The attraction of theists to miracles is not due to their quest for knowing the existence of the unimaginable God, but due to their desire for solving their problems. The inherent quality of any human being is only to work for the sake of utility. Human beings never think ...

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HOW COULD KRISHNA HAVE HAD SEX WIH THE GOPIKAS AT THE AGE OF TWELVE?
Posted on: 18/11/2019

Krishna is said to have been about twelve years old when He danced with the Gopikās and had sex with them. How is this possible? In any case, Rāma is the best since He is not surrounded by such controversies. What do You say?

Swami replied: Everyone seems to be highly interested in the first twelve years of the life of Krishna. Based on it, they call Him a thief and a characterless person, even though we have clearly given the real explanation for His behaviour. His apparently negative behaviour was related to the path of nivṛtti, in which sages, who were highly advanced spiritually and had tried to attain God for millions of lives, were tested by Him through such behaviour. Why is nobody bothered about the rest of Krishna’s life of 113 years...

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WHY DO ELDERS DISCOURAGE YOUNGSTERS FROM FOLLOWING THE PATH OF PRACTICAL SPIRITUALITY?
Posted on: 18/11/2019

Swami replied: When king Bali was prepared to do the practical sacrifice of donating three feet of land to Vāmana, his preacher Śukrācārya discouraged it. Śukrācārya said that even though Vāmana, the receiver of that donation, was the Human Incarnation of God Viṣṇu, He was deceiving Bali by asking for that donation. Bali neglected the advice and agreed to give the donation to Vāmana after analyzing as follows: “Vāmana is not a fraud Human Incarnation who has come to deceive me by asking for a donation. He is the real Human Incarnation, who has come to deceive me through the donation. We should not get deceived by false incarnations and false devotees, since charity done to such undeserving people is a sin. But in this case, God Himself has come to me in human form...

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IS IT RIGHT FOR CERTAIN SPIRITUAL PREACHERS TO GIVE UP THEIR CLOTHES AND APPEAR NAKED (AVADHUUTA)?
Posted on: 18/11/2019

Swami replied: It is not correct at all. Giving up clothes while staying in society goes against justice. The term avadhūta does not mean removing the cloth that covers the body, but it means removing the ignorance that covers the soul. Instead of removing ignorance, the mere removal of clothes exposes the body to the extremes of weather leading to illness, which causes disturbance in the spiritual effort...

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WHY IS THE REALIZATION OF GOD EASILY ACHIEVED IN OLD AGE?
Posted on: 17/11/2019

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! During old age, the person has the leisure to review his or her entire life passed. The person can correlate several incidents carefully to conclude and repeatedly confirm that God certainly exists and that He gives good fruits for one’s good actions and bad fruits or punishments for one’s sins. The person is able to make the correlations due to the similarity in the nature of action and result. For example, if an old man had spoiled somebody’s marriage during his young age, in course of time, someone else spoils the marriage of the man’s own son. On observing this, the old person realizes that the unimaginable God certainly exists...

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IS IT NOT BETTER TO TAKE INSPIRATION FROM RAMA THAN FROM KRISHNA?
Posted on: 17/11/2019

Swami replied: Rāma represents the path to God, whereas Krishna is the goal or God Himself. In fact, Rāma is also God, but only in the background since He hid His divinity and behaved like a human being. Similarly, for a long period of His life, Krishna also represented the path to God. Other than the stealing of butter and the dancing with the Gopikās in Bṛndāvanam, He too behaved like Rāma after leaving Bṛndāvanam. One should not misunderstand this and think that He got reformed and left His bad habits back in Bṛndāvanam! The correct understaning is that He completed His special work in Bṛndāvanam, which was the main purpose of His Incarnation. As Rāma, God had promised...

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CAN YOU ENLIGHTEN ME ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF THE CONTEMPORARY HUMAN INCARNATION?
Posted on: 17/11/2019

Swami replied: The original unimaginable God is the absolute Reality, which is beyond even the imagination of our brain. The Energetic Incarnations of God are imaginable, but invisible. One can only get a vision of an Energetic Incarnation for a few minutes after doing long penance because Energetic Incarnations are not relevant to humanity. One can worship them indirectly through representative images or statues. Past Human Incarnations are relevant to human beings since they too possess the common human medium, but they are not available in the present. They too, like Energetic Incarnations, can only be worshipped indirectly through images and statues...

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RELIGION, PHILOSOPHY AND CONFLICTS
Posted on: 16/11/2019

What is the difference between religion and philosophy? Why are there quarrels between the sub-religions in Hinduism? [This is part of a mahā satsaṅga or a great spiritual discussion between Swami and several devotees who had come from various places, seeking the clarification of their doubts.]

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! Religion is a collection of traditions related to the external culture. They have been formulated by certain devotees for the sake of their followers. Philosophy is the spiritual knowledge, which is completely related to the personality of God. Religions differ much, but in philosophies, there is unity to a large extent. Whether it is religion or philosophy, sharp and deep logical analysis is necessary. The reason is that there are some good traditions established by good followers...

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HOW CAN WE CONTROL BAD QUALITIES LIKE SEX, ANGER, GREED ETC., WHICH SEEM IMPOSSIBLE TO CONTROL?
Posted on: 15/11/2019

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! You need not control or eliminate any quality since all qualities are created by God. Every quality has been created by God only for a good purpose. They become bad only when they are used for bad purposes by souls. You cannot say that some qualities are good and other qualities are bad. Every quality has both good and bad sides. The good side of any quality means using it for the purpose intended by God, while the bad side is using it for the opposite purpose, as is often done by souls. Hence, every quality is like a coin having two sides—good and bad—which are determined by the direction in which the quality is used. Trying to eliminate any quality completely is indeed foolish! It shows the lack of complete knowledge...

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ARE BRAHMA, VISHNU, SHIVA AND INDRA ONLY POSTS OR PERSONS?
Posted on: 15/11/2019

King Bali is said to be the future Indra and Hanumān is said to be the future Brahmā. Does this mean that Indra and Brahmā are only posts and not persons? Does it also apply to the cases of Viṣṇu and Śiva?

Swami replied: Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva, represented by Hiraṇyagarbha, Nārāyaṇa and Śiva, respectively constitute Īśvara or Datta. After the main creation of the world by God Brahmā, secondary creation in the world continues and it includes creating issues and so on. To carry out these secondary tasks of creation, God created the post of Prajāpati. The word Prajāpati (secondary creator) is therefore, loosely identified with the word Brahmā (Creator) and is often used as an alternative name of Brahmā. Dakṣa is a Prajāpati and not Brahmā. Indra is the name of the post of the ruling angel in heaven. Hence, there is no objection in saying that King...

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IF CLOSENESS BRINGS NEGLIGENCE, WHY DO DEVOTEES TRY TO REACH GOD THROUGH YOGA?
Posted on: 14/11/2019

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! Yoga means the first meeting with God. Yoga ends after meeting God in human form once. After that, continuously staying close to the Human Incarnation will bring negligence to any human devotee because the properties of external human medium are common to both the human devotee and God-in-human-form. The devoted soul observes that the Human Incarnation of God also possesses a human body similar to his own and that the Incarnation’s body too, exhibits all the usual properties of a human body such as birth, hunger, thirst, sleep, illness and death. Observing the commonality in the external medium of God, the devotee begins to think that God is also a human being...

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AMONG THE THREE STRONGEST WORLDLY BONDS, WHICH BOND IS THE STRONGEST?
Posted on: 14/11/2019

Swami replied: Compared to all other worldly bonds, the bonds with money, one’s chidren and one’s life-partner, are the strongest. But among these three, each of them could be said to be the strongest. The nature of the bond with one’s life-partner is like a wave, in that it rises and falls. Usually, it is somewhat low, but just before and during union, the strength of this bond jumps to the sky. The nature of the bonds with one’s issues (children) and wealth are approximately constant at all times, like a straight line. If all three bonds are represented on a graph, the bond with one’s life-partner appears as a peak (wave-form), whereas the bonds with one’s wealth and issues appear to be horizontal lines at about half the height of the peak. Thus, on an average, the strengths of all three can be said to be...

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