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Shri Datta Swami

Jnana Saraswati – Advanced Discourses


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PURUSHA THE ULTIMATE GOAL
Posted on: 18/09/2021

[Dr. Nikhil asked: Padanamaskarams Swamiji, I feel the following two verses from the Kaṭha Upaniṣad (3.10–3.11) clearly indicate that awareness is not the ultimate God.

indriyebhyaḥ parā hyarthā arthebhyaśca paraṃ manaḥ .
manasastu parā buddhirbuddherātmā mahān paraḥ .. 10..
mahataḥ paramavyaktamavyaktātpuruṣaḥ paraḥ...

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CONSCIOUSNESS IN DEEP SLEEP
Posted on: 04/08/2021

Dr. Nikhil asked: Is it impossible to prove that consciousness is absent in deep sleep, on the basis of both experience and logic? A famous teacher of Advaita Vedānta claims in his video that it is an error to say that consciousness is absent in deep sleep. I have tried to put together some of the main arguments made by him below. 1Q:- As per Advaita, only the mind is absent in deep sleep, whereas, consciousness continues to exist. The inability to distinguish between consciousness and mind leads to this erroneous conclusion that consciousness is absent in deep sleep.

Swāmi Replied:- Anybody can distinguish consciousness or awareness from mind. Consciousness is the special work form of basic energy and it is called as awareness. Based on its functions, awareness is classified into 4 categories called internal instruments: 1) Mind or Manas...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-9)
Posted on: 16/07/2021

Part 9: Clarifications

Swāmi continued:- The three divine preachers called Śaṇkara, Rāmānuja and Madhva representing Śiva, Viṣṇu and Brahmā represent the single God Datta, who does destruction, maintenance and creation of this world respectively. God Datta is not only the single God (Ekamevādvitīyam... Veda) doing these three works, but also the single spiritual preacher, who established Advaita, Viśiṣṭa advaita and Dvaita philosophies for the sake of devotees in this world. These three philosophies can be applied to practical situations in the worldly life by devotees to come out of worldly ...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-8)
Posted on: 15/07/2021

Part 8: Conclusions

1) Unimaginable God is absolutely real by Himself and world by itself is absolutely unreal. But, world also becomes absolutely real because God grants His absolute reality (Paramārtha sattā) to the world so that the absolutely real world gives absolutely real entertainment to God. The world being absolutely unreal by itself and being shinning due to borrowed absolute reality from unimaginable God is called as relative reality (Vyavahāra sattā)...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-7)
Posted on: 11/07/2021

Part 7: Comparing the Soul with God and the Incarnation

Swāmi continued:- When we say that fire is burning some material, fire is the subject (Pramātā), the flames are the instrument used for burning (Pramāṇam), the burning is the result (Pramā) and the burnt material is the object (prameya). The subject is knower, the mind is the instrument used to know, the knowledge is the result and the knowable item is the object. Here, except the external knowable object the other three (subject, instrument and result) are awareness only. Sometimes, the object may be internal like the thought of an item. In such case, all the four are awareness only. Even the knowledge...

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WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF VISHISHTA ADVAITA AND DVAITA PHILOSOPHIES?
Posted on: 08/07/2021

Śrī Bharath Krishna asked: Pādanamaskāraṃ Swāmi, please answer the following questions of mine. Thank you so much for giving wonderful answers to all of my questions. From Your knowledge I have understood that Śrī Ādi Śaṇkarācārya gave the Advaita philosophy for atheists existing in His time so that they become theists. Although Ādi Śaṇkaracārya made His followers believe that they themselves are God, His actual intention was to gradually reveal the complete truth over time. Now You revealed the complete truth that no soul is God ...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-6)
Posted on: 07/07/2021

Part 6: Interpreting Scripture

Swami continued: Some people have criticized Śaṅkara saying that He presents His own concept first and then quotes the scripture. Thus, He makes the scripture follow His concept by the force of His scholastic ability. This criticism is not justified. Generally, people expect that the scripture should be quoted first and that the concept should be drawn from it through analysis. But Śaṅkara’s path is correct in this matter. This is because, one should not seek to merely interpret the scripture. Instead, one should seek to correctly interpret the scripture. We must believe that the scripture is written by...

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WHAT WILL BE THE STATE OF HUMAN INCARNATION WHILE PREACHING THE DIVINE KNOWLEDGE? AVIDYA OR VIDYA?
Posted on: 26/06/2021

Shri Anil asked: Pādanamaskāraṃ Swāmi! In Your recent message You preached “The Veda says that God crosses boredom with the help of His self-ignorance (avidyā) and gains His original nature by realisation (vidyā), whenever necessary to perform a miracle (Avidyayā mṛtyuṃ tīrtvā, vidyayā'mṛtamaśnute…—Veda)”. In this context I would like to ask You; while Human incarnation of God preaches the divine knowledge, what will be His state: ‘avidyā’ or ‘vidyā?...

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IS THE SOUL'S IMAGINARY WORLD OR DREAM AS CONTINUOUS AS THE EXTERNAL WORLD CREATED BY GOD?
Posted on: 06/04/2021

Swami has said that the difference between the imaginary world of a soul and the external world created by God is that the imaginary world does not appear as real as this external world appears to God.

Śrī Lakshman commented: I also think that there is another difference. The imaginary world of a soul is not as continuous as this external world is. Yet another difference is that God can multiply Himself in His creation, which is imaginary to Him. He can simultaneously exist as many Human Incarnations of God. But a soul cannot do so...

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WHY DOES THE VEDA SAY THAT SPACE AROSE FROM THE ATMAN INSTEAD OF THE PARABRAHMAN?
Posted on: 06/04/2021

[Kum. Laxmi Thrylokya asked: The Veda says “Ātmanaḥ ākāśaḥ sambhūtaḥ…”, which means that space arose from (was created by) Ātman. This creates a doubt whether space arose from God or the soul, since the word Ātman can refer to either God or the soul. If the Veda would have used the word Parabrahman instead, there would not have been any doubt.]

Swāmi replied: Ātman means the mediated God in this context. The unimaginable God has no form, nature or address. So, one cannot refer to Him directly. If we try to refer to the unimaginable God, there is every danger of the the souls receving the knowledge misunderstanding the statement. Since the unimaginable God cannot be known or even imagined, they might think...

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CAN CREATION EVER BE HUNDRED PERCENT REAL FOR GOD?
Posted on: 06/04/2021

Śrī Phani asked: This question is related to the discussion during a satsang about the concept that the creation appears real to God. It is said that māyā (mithyā) is that which is neither real (sat) nor unreal (asat) (Sadasat vilakṣaṇā māyā—Śaṅkara). The world is both real (sat) and unreal (asat) from the perspective of God and also from the perspective of the soul. God may subject Himself to 99% illusion...

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IF THE EXISTENCE OF TIME DEPENDS ON MATTER, DOES THE EXISTENCE OF SPACE ALSO DEPEND ON MATTER?
Posted on: 30/03/2021

Śrī Ganesh asked: In a discourse given by You in response to Dr. Nikhil’s question, You have explained how time can be represented in terms of space. The last time I met You, You said that Einstein was wrong when he said that without matter, space cannot exist. But when I think about the explanation given by You, I recall that You implied that time cannot exist without matter. Time is meaningless without matter. Since time and space are basically the same thing (space-time), space...

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HOW COULD ADI SHANKARA CONVINCE ATHEISTS THAT THEY ARE GOD IN THE ABSENCE OF PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE?
Posted on: 30/03/2021

Śrī Anil Antony asked: Pādanamaskāraṃ Swāmi! Śaṅkara used a simple logic to prove to atheists that God exists. He said: You are God and you exist; so, God exists. How did atheists get convinced with this logic in the absence of any practical experience that they were God? Did they practically get some mental peace or miraculous powers, at least? Without any practical experience, how did the atheists simply believe this concept, which was basically a lie meant to uplift them?

Swāmi replied: Śaṅkara told that the world is unreal if God (or atheistic soul) withdraws His absolute existence from the world. Based on this fact, the only existing God will have absolute peace. Śaṅkara said that since world is unreal if it is isolated from God...

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CAN YOU EXPLAIN WITH EXAMPLES HOW WE CAN EXPERIENCE BOTH REAL AND UNREAL THINGS?
Posted on: 30/03/2021

Śrī Anil Antony asked: Pādanamaskāraṃ Swāmi! You have said that we can experience both unreal and real things, giving the example of a rope which appears to be a snake. We can experience the real rope as well as the unreal snake (illusion) due to dim light. What exactly do the snake and the rope refer to? Can You please give another practical example to explain how we can experience both real and unreal things? Can a soul experience the unreality of creation at any time?

Swāmi replied: Soul can never experience the fundamental unreality of the creation. The reality of a snake seen...

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IS THE SOUL UNREAL WITH RESPECT TO THE REAL UNIVERSE?
Posted on: 30/03/2021

Śrī Anil Antony asked: Pādanamaskāraṃ Swāmi! The Śūnya Vāda philosophy of Nāgārjuna states that everything is unreal. How can this philosophy be true when, even after the death of a soul, this universe continues to exist to other living souls? That one soul died, but the universe remained. This means that the soul is temporary and hence, unreal, whereas, the universe is permanent, and hence, real. So, even when the soul is alive, the soul should be unreal with respect to this universe.

Swāmi replied: The unreal world is real for the unreal soul. Reality is real for another reality. Similarly, unreality is real for another unreality...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-5)
Posted on: 28/03/2021

Part 5: True Advaita in the Incarnation

Swami continued: I never said that the Advaita of Śaṅkara is completely impossible. I am only saying that Advaita or monism does not exist in the case of every soul. This is because, the relatively-real soul can never become the absolutely-real God, by its own effort, no matter how strong the soul’s ambition to become God is. What Śaṅkara preached was the monism of a rare soul with God. That rare monism is granted by God alone and it can never be achieved by the soul’s own effort. The conversion of the soul which is an imaginable relative reality into God, who is the unimaginable absolute reality...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-4)
Posted on: 27/03/2021

Part 4: Individual and Cosmic Illusions

A person (soul) having little knowledge might be under an illusion about himself. But even such a person is able to remember and recognize his true nature when he is reminded about it. Then how can the omniscient and omnipotent God ever be affected by even a trace of ignorance or illusion? Even the theoretical ignorance of the true knowledge, which is known as the ajñāna āvaraṇam is impossible in the case of the omniscient God. God can never...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-3)
Posted on: 26/03/2021

Part 3: Vast Differences Cannot Be Disregarded

Swami: Suppose person X earns ten lakh rupees per month and person Y earns ten rupees per month. If the Advaita philosopher has to select between X or Y as the bridegroom for his daughter, will he say that X and Y are equal? Will he say that they are one and the same because the common point between X and Y is that both earn money? Does the vast difference between their earnings...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-2)
Posted on: 23/03/2021

Part 2: Relatively-Real Awareness is not the Absolute God

All the logical feats of Advaita philosophers are tremendous and highly appreciable. But all these feats are limited only to the boundary of the relative reality (vyavahāra sattā). My point is only this much. I appreciate all your logical high jumps and long jumps. But I say that you have done all of them while only remaining on the ground. You could not reach the treasure hidden under the ground. This unattained treasure is the unimaginable absolute reality (paramārtha sattā), which is introduced by Śaṅkara Himself. In fact, it was Śaṅkara, who introduced the concept that the absolute God has an unimaginable nature. He said that the unimaginability of the absolute God...

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WHY IS EVERY SOUL NOT GOD? (PART-1)
Posted on: 22/03/2021

[Dr. J.S.R. Prasad is Professor of Sanskrit at the Central University of Hyderabad and he specializes in logic. Dr. J.S.R. Prasad asked: The logic presented by Advaita philosophers seems to be very powerful and in that case, how can we say that the soul (or individual soul) is not God?]

Swami replied: O Learned and Devoted Servants of God! The logic presented in the Advaita philosophy came from Śaṅkara, who was an Incarnation of God Śiva. Naturally, the logic is as powerful as the fire from the third eye of God Śiva, which is the eye of knowledge. Śaṅkara was Śiva and Śiva is Īśvara, who is the Creator, Maintainer and Destroyer of this entire creation. This world was created...

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