Shri Datta Swami

Jnana Saraswati – Parabrahma Sutras


149. Human Incarnation is an alloy of God and soul

श्रुतप्रवेशो गीतो लोहमिश्रवत् शक्त्यंशी विशिष्टः।१४९।
śrutapraveśo gīto lohamiśravat śaktyaṁśī viśiṣṭaḥ|149|

The entry is told in the Veda as well as the Gita like the alloy of two metals. The major component is decided by power as in Vishishtaadvaita.


The entry of God in to creation is explained by Veda (Tadevaanupraavishat.). The entry of the blessed liberated soul in to God is mentioned by Gita (Praveshtumcha…). In both the scriptures, the word entry is common. This shows the homogeneous mixing of God and liberated soul to form a single phase like the two metallic components mixing together homogeneously to form a single phased alloy. Since, God is unimaginable and unseen, He becomes undetectable. The Human Incarnation appears as the detectable liberated soul or human being only. In the case of alloy, if one of the two metals is a trace and is undetectable to the eye, the alloy appears to be the major single metal only. In the case of gold, a small amount of copper is mixed but the alloy appears to be gold only due to the major detectable gold only. In the quantitative sense, the major amount of metal is treated as the major component. But if the trace-metal happens to be very costly, the minor component can be treated as the major component from the point of the value of the metal. Similarly, even though God is undetectable to the eye, from the point of the value, God happens to be major component and the liberated soul is only the minor component. Hence, the theory of Ramanuja treating God as major component (Amshi) and the soul as minor component (Amsha) is correct from the point of the value of power of the component.

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